[NOTE: You may or may not know that Kurt and Tim host a sibling podcast called Weekly Grooves. We thought this was such an important topic that we wanted to share it with the Behavioral Grooves community.]

We got a call recently from Eugen Dimant, a friend of ours who is an associate professor in behavioral and decision sciences at the University of Pennsylvania, about how the University of Michigan was trying to let students know that they should only gather in groups of 25 of less.

Eugen suggested we tee it up as a topical issue for Weekly Grooves and we readily agreed. It led to a discussion about what colleges are doing to regulate student activites to contain the coronavirus, the punishments involved in breaking those regulations, the environment in which students make deicisons on how to behave, and the importance of proper communication.

Also, in this episode we include some of the conversation we had with Eugen, which is a departure from our standard approach and we hope you enjoy it. Eugen’s insights from a  sociological perspective make for important reminders in an age when when the words we choose to communicate impacts whether get sick or not people.

As always, please let us know what you think and share it with a friend or colleague.

© 2020 Weekly Grooves

 

Links

Eugen Dimant, PhD: https://ppe.sas.upenn.edu/people/eugen-dimant

University of Michigan Tweet: https://twitter.com/UMich/status/1299069416202739712

University of Alabama outbreaks: https://www.cnn.com/2020/08/29/us/university-of-alabama-covid-19-cases-trnd/index.html 

Eric Oliver, PhD is a Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago. Although the majority of his work is squarely in the realm of how we view our political systems and make political decisions, some of his work echoes moral psychology and sociology, and we find it fascinating. And, frankly, some of it is just downright fun to talk about.

Eric’s observations come from more than 20 years of research, dozens of peer-reviewed papers, and he is the author of 5 books on political science. We specifically talked about how liberals and conservatives name their children, the rise of intuitionism, having dinner with a sports star rather than a rock star, and of course, he spoke in-depth about conspiracy theories.

Most importantly, he walked us through some key aspects of how to have a conversation with someone who is on the opposite side of the conspiracy-theory belief system and, interestingly enough, it begins with empathy. Listen to the entire episode to hear all his insights and research anecdotes. They’ll put a smile on your face as well as fresh ideas into your brain!

We have been fans of his work for some time and are grateful that Eric shared his insights with us. We think you’ll become a fan, too, if you’re not already one.

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Eric Oliver, PhD: https://political-science.uchicago.edu/directory/eric-oliver

Jonathan Haidt, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jonathan_Haidt

James Frazer, “The Golden Bough”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Golden_Bough

Katherine Surma on Credulity: https://www.jericoliver.com/uploads/1/1/8/9/118973414/surmaoliver3.5.18-final.pdf

Laurie Santos, PhD: The Joe Effect: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GimHHAID_P0

Steve Kerr: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steve_Kerr

Colin Kaepernick: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colin_Kaepernick

Charles Manson: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Manson

 

Musical Links

LCD Sound System: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lqq3BtGrpU8

Kurt Weil: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kurt_Weill

Phillip Glass: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M73x3O7dhmg

Keith Richards and Chuck Berry: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ERVLy-ltjHs

Roy Baumeister, PhD is a world-renowned researcher known for his work on the subjects of willpower, self-control, and self-esteem and how they relate to human morality and success. Most recently, he is the author of The Power of Bad, with John Tierney, which explores how powerful bad experiences can be and how life is better when we seek out the good. We discussed a bit of the new book as well as some of his highly researched topics.

Roy’s peer-reviewed papers have been cited more than 200,000 times and he’s published more than 30 books. As one might imagine, our conversation was packed with insights into how we feel, think and act based on the complex ways we view and experience the world. We felt like we were starting a master class when we hit the record button and we love sharing this conversation with you.

Suffice it to say, we thoroughly enjoyed our conversation with this pioneer and we hope you do too.

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Roy Baumeister, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Baumeister

George Loewenstein, PhD: https://www.cmu.edu/dietrich/sds/people/faculty/george-loewenstein.html

“The Power of Bad”: https://roybaumeister.com/books/

Dan Gilbert, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daniel_Gilbert_(psychologist)

John Gottman, PhD: https://www.gottman.com/author/john-gottman-ph-d/

Suzanne Segerstrom, PhD: https://psychology.as.uky.edu/users/scsege0

Mark Maraven, PhD: https://www.albany.edu/psychology/faculty/mark-muraven

John Cacioppo, PhD: https://news.uchicago.edu/story/john-t-cacioppo-pioneer-and-founder-field-social-neuroscience-1951-2018

 

Musical Links

YoYo Ma: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1prweT95Mo0

Louis Armstrong: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kmfeKUNDDYs

John Coletrane: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IsBbM5PIAHk

Miles Davis: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zqNTltOGh5c

Cannonball Adderley: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mN1SwOdbdBU

Big Bands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WGq-eCoPSwA

Bix Beiderbeck: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oW7YYt0F-K4

John McLaughlin: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uHbLq694PoU

Stan Getz: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqQWVrfjatA 

Snarky Puppy: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kk0WRHV_vt8

Ministry: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GXCh9OhDiCI

 

Susan Hunt Stevens is the Founder and CEO of WeSpire, a technology platform that helps achieve the company’s goals through better employee engagement. WeSpire delivers applications at scale including sustainability, diversity and inclusion; moreover, they enable employees to be recognized for shaping a welcoming community both inside and outside the firm.

We talked to Susan about her observations on the value of building diverse teams, the creation of the psychologically safe workplace, and most importantly, the ethical application of behavioral science. She shared seven simple questions, created by Amy Edmonson, PhD at Harvard, to identify the levels of psychological safety within her client organizations. We encourage you to consider them for yourself.

  1. If you make a mistake on this team, it is often held against you.
  2. Members of this team are able to bring up problems and tough issues.
  3. People on this team sometimes reject others for being different.
  4. It is safe to take a risk on this team.
  5. It is difficult to ask other members of this team for help.
  6. No one on this team would deliberately act in a way that undermines my efforts.
  7. Working with members of this team, my unique skills and talents are valued and utilized.

Susan’s insightful comments mix a passion for the application of good research and a desire to help build productive, profitable organizations that treat their people with respect.

We also want to give a special shout to Emily Wagner for turning us on to Susan’s work. Thank you, Emily!

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Susan Hunt Stevens: https://www.linkedin.com/in/huntstevens/

WeSpire: https://www.wespire.com/

Amy Edmondson, PhD: https://www.hbs.edu/faculty/Pages/profile.aspx?facId=6451

Nir Eyal “Hooked”: https://www.nirandfar.com/hooked/

How to Measure Psychological Safety on Your Team: https://www.business2community.com/strategy/measure-psychological-safety-team-01730787

“I Hired a Wife” article: https://medium.com/@chrismorgan_1657/i-hired-a-wife-and-my-career-took-off-16dc8ae481fe

Cass Sunstein Ethics Guide: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2526341

Susan Cain “Quiet”: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/8520610-quiet

Google’s Project Aristotle: https://www.inc.com/michael-schneider/google-thought-they-knew-how-to-create-the-perfect.html

 

 

Musical Links

Irish Step Dancing from Riverdance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B718RsboGEI

Drop Kick Murphys: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x-64CaD8GXw

Abba “Dancing Queen”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xFrGuyw1V8s

 

[NOTE: Republished in its entirety from original episode #104 on December 15, 2019.]

Eugen Dimant, PhD is a Postdoctoral Researcher in the Master of Behavioral and Decision Sciences Department and a Senior Research Fellow at the Identity and Conflict Lab, Political Science Department – both at the University of Pennsylvania.

His research is rooted in economics and sits at the crossroads of experimental behavioral economics, behavioral ethics, crime, and corruption, with much of his recent work focusing on the ways “bad apples” (people will malintent) can be thwarted. This is also manifest in his research on behavioral contagion of pro- and anti-social behavior among individuals and groups. Because we met up with him presenting a paper at NoBeC, a social norms conference, we also discussed the role of social norms in pro- and anti-social behaviors.

We are inspired by Eugen’s work with social nudges and what can be done to minimize the impact of people who are out to corrupt systems and communities. And, we had a great time talking with this incredibly passionate researcher about his wide variety of interests.

We are grateful to Eugen for reaching out to us as we were planning our 100th Episode celebration in Philadelphia. He invited us to the University of Pennsylvania’s NoBeC Conference – the Norms and Behavioral Change Conference – that was happening the same days that we were recording our 100th Episode. Eugen, along with his colleague Chris Nave, PhD, helped us arrange conversations with many researchers and speakers at the conference and we are forever grateful.

Finally, we invite you to keep listening after our discussion with Eugen to hear Kurt and Tim’s Grooving Session and then the Bonus Track where we recap the key insights from the episode.

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

LINKS:

Eugen Dimant, PhD: https://www.sas.upenn.edu/lps/graduate/mbds/faculty/eugen-dimant

NoBeC (Norms and Behavior Change Conference): https://web.sas.upenn.edu/nobec/

Cristina Bicchieri, PhD: https://upenn.academia.edu/CristinaBicchieri

Gary Bolton, PhD: https://personal.utdallas.edu/~gxb122130/

Nudge: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nudge_theory

Social Norms: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/social-norms/

Injunctive and Descriptive Norms: https://study.com/academy/lesson/injunctive-and-descriptive-group-norms-definitions-differences-examples.html

Pluralistic Ignorance: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluralistic_ignorance

Peer Effects: https://www.encyclopedia.com/social-sciences/applied-and-social-sciences-magazines/peer-effects

Coleman’s Boat: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dGaz0xKG060

Chris Nave, PhD: https://www.sas.upenn.edu/lps/graduate/mbds/contact/christopher-nave

Bobo Doll Effect: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobo_doll_experiment

Robert Cialdini, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Cialdini

Kiki and Bouba: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouba/kiki_effect

Pollstar: https://www.pollstar.com/

 

Musical Links

Drake: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Drake_(musician)

Bushido: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bushido_(rapper)

U2: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/U2

Ed Sheeran: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ed_Sheeran

Eagles: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eagles_(band)

Rolling Stones: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Rolling_Stones

Fleetwood Mac: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fleetwood_Mac

 

Nicole Fisher, DrPH is the president of Health and Human Rights Strategies and is a regular contributor to Forbes magazine on social justice issues. Her piece in Forbes about “The Psychology of Protests” is an excellent analysis of why people take to the streets.

Nicole earned a Master’s in Public Health from the University of Chicago, then her Doctorate of Public Health from Chapel Hill, and she was also an Economics Fellow at George Mason University. We felt we could go wide and deep on our conversation with her and that’s exactly what happened.

In our discussion, we talked about the need for grace and understanding, a concept called peer permission, the psychology of protests (from a piece that was written prior to George Floyd’s murder and the global outpouring of peaceful dissent throughout the world), and how the heart of the matter with a pandemic is public health.

In the Grooving Session, Kurt and Tim also discussed the Peace Prayer of St. Francis and recommended, in the Bonus Track, to consider sidling up to someone you don’t see eye to eye with and learn about how and why they feel the way they do. You just might learn something!

We hope you enjoy this episode and we encourage you to take a moment to give us a review as ratings go a long way in introducing us to new listeners.

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Nicole Fisher, DrPH: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicole_Fisher

 

Nicole-related links: 

Health & Human Rights Strategies: https://www.hhrstrategies.com

Dr. Nicole Fisher Forbes Column: https://www.forbes.com/sites/nicolefisher/

YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYU0m9Esz1rFzx6pqvP0OIA

Twitter: https://twitter.com/nic_fisher

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/nicfisher/?hl=en

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/nicole.f.fisher

 

Groups and things we chatted about (that I remember...): 

NOCOVID: https://nocovid.us

NPR CodeSwitch: https://www.npr.org/2020/06/16/878963732/why-now-white-people

Mythunderstood Podcast: https://open.spotify.com/show/69yTv2hOdUqmPe6tybNLCy?si=1hFJmcX8SfW5D2oXx1FAww

Second Story Books: https://www.secondstorybooks.com/

Chris Graves: https://www.ogilvyconsulting.com/people/chris-graves/

John Barry, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_M._Barry

The Prayer of St. Francis: https://www.loyolapress.com/catholic-resources/prayer/traditional-catholic-prayers/saints-prayers/peace-prayer-of-saint-francis/

Sheriff who walked with protesters: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6j1k9459pYk

Tara Austin is a strategist and was recently the Chief Strategy Officer for Kindred in London. Many of us know her for her public speaking events, like her presentation at Nudgestock in June 2020, and the amazing work she did with Rory Sutherland, Sam Tatam, and Jez Groom at Ogilvy over many years.

We discussed a project she did with Ogilvy Change referred to as the Babies in the Borough. On the heels of the London riots in 2011, Tara wanted to see how a paper she’d read a few years earlier might apply to reduce crime in England. With the help of a master street painter, Ben Eine, the team gathered photos of babies from locals in the neighborhood and had them rendered on the security doors of businesses. After the babies’ faces were added to the shop shutters, the city saw declines in theft, vandalism and public urination year-over-year.

We also talked about Edward de Bono, his development of lateral thinking and the six thinking hats. De Bono’s work can help us improve our decision making, which is likely to lead to greater happiness in our lives, and that’s always a win.

Thank you for checking out our conversation with Tara, and if you like it, please leave us a review.

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Tara Austin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/tara-austin-78b2a780/

HOME Creative Consultancy: https://www.homeagency.co.uk/

The Grocer magazine: https://www.thegrocer.co.uk/

Ben Eine, street artist: https://beneine.co.uk/

Pinkie Campaign: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5hWxU_ICoHM

Edward DeBono, PhD: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_de_Bono

“Six Thinking Hats”: https://www.debonogroup.com/services/core-programs/six-thinking-hats/

The “Cute Matters” paper is actually “Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness

Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults”:  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3260535/ 

Glocker, Melanie L et al. “Baby Schema in Infant Faces Induces Cuteness Perception and Motivation for Caretaking in Adults.” Ethology: formerly Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie vol. 115,3 (2009): 257-263. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0310.2008.01603.x

Lateral Thinking: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lateral_thinking

Jaywalking: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaywalking

Beggar’s Banquet Records: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beggars_Banquet_Records

Common Biases & Heuristics: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XHpBr0VFcaT8wIUpr-9zMIb79dFMgOVFRxIZRybiftI/edit

Ozan Varol: https://ozanvarol.com/

 

Musical Links

Dolly Parton “9  to 5”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UbxUSsFXYo4

The Killers “Human”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RIZdjT1472Y

Lou Reed “Satellite of Love”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FH2EgYq_NCY

U2 “Satellite of Love”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8q1zWNITuyg

Gretchen Peters: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r07tGdLpKIQ

Loretta Lynn “The Pill”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DcdONaKSQM

Loretta Lynn “Coalminers Daughter”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vlHJ9Tp24yY&list=PLsZQ89o7KvqJPUf2oKv8iHDhb25Puqbpd&index=28

“Pan Pipes of the Andes”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QNCuRpdemew

Spice Girls: “Who Do You Think You Are": https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-YriinrRGug

Elspeth Kirkman is responsible for BIT’s work on health, education, and local government. Prior to this role, she oversaw the establishment and growth of BIT’s North American office from New York. She has taught behavioral science at Harvard, acts as an expert advisor to a number of global institutions, and serves as a Senior Fellow for Casey Family Programs, advising on the applications of behavioral and decision science to child welfare systems.

Prior to joining BIT in 2013, Elspeth was a management consultant working with government clients around the world.

Due to some technical challenges, we weren’t able to record a full hour of conversation. However, in the time we had available we discussed how important models can be in helping us solve problems, especially the COM-B model. (COM-B focuses on three aspects of behavior change and they are Capability, Opportunity and Motivation.)

We also discussed the central pillars for good application of behavioral science. Elspeth used words like, “context” and “pragmatism” and “actual impact” and it made us happy to hear those words.

Finally, we talked about the future of behavioral science and Elspeth laid out a couple of important themes. On one hand, she suggested we study behavioral sciences in order to integrate the findings into the mainstreams of business and government policy. On the other hand, she imagines a future with more crossover of behavioral science with fields like AI and how Quantitative and Qualitative tools might work better together.

We hope you enjoy our conversation with Elspeth as much as we did!

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Elspeth Kirkman: https://www.linkedin.com/in/elspethkirkman/

And…https://www.bi.team/people/elspeth-kirkman/

Co-Author with Michael Hallsworth: “Behavioral Insights” book: https://mitpress.mit.edu/books/behavioral-insights

Katy Milkman Episode # 99 “Behavior Change for Good”: https://behavioralgrooves.com/episode/katy-milkman-behavior-change-for-good/

EAST Framework: https://www.bi.team/publications/east-four-simple-ways-to-apply-behavioural-insights/

COM-B Model: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3096582/

 

 

Musical Links

Joni Mitchell: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dAxjPfWOiqI

Smashing Pumpkins: https://www.smashingpumpkins.com/

Violent Femmes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHapDS2fcFE

James Taylor: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GfJWqjoekow

Rolling Stones: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kl6q_9qZOs

Paul Simon: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fmf9ZJ_Yn0A

David Bowie: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cZ_wnJSRFso

Michael Jackson: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sOnqjkJTMaA

U2 “Achtung, Baby”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdXczOeDVbw

U2 “Joshua Tree”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4AOQysQKE8A

Shlomi Ron is the CEO of the Visual Storytelling Institute. He co-founded the institute after 20 years of digital marketing with some of the largest brands in the world. Its purpose is to help business leaders rise above the noise through the power of storytelling and the effectiveness of visual media.

 

Shlomi is an author and his latest book is “Total Acuity: Tales with Marketing Morals.”  In it, he offers readers relatable real-world stories that reinforce the powerful visual storytelling principles.

 

We talked to Shlomi in the days just prior to Miami’s 2nd wave in the Coronavirus pandemic about the value that visual storytelling can have on pro-social initiatives such as homelessness. We also discussed the challenges advertisers and brands have at capturing our attention and some tips for accomplishing that.

 

We were also introduced to the concept of Social Semiotics, the way communication tools vary in social settings and context.

 

Links

Shlomi Ron: http://www.shlomiron.com

Visual Storytelling Institute: http://www.visualstorytell.com

1000 Miami Stories: https://www.linkedin.com/feed/hashtag/?keywords=%231000MiamiStories

“Total Acuity: Tales with Marketing Morals”: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07ZCCM11F?ref_=pe_3052080_276849420

Dove Beauty Sketches: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=litXW91UauE

Justin Trudeau Pause: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=79nHwsqQNBA

Audi 3-Hour Ambient Travel Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqYFgqN_q-w

Scrubs Television Show on Hand Washing: https://www.deseret.com/entertainment/2020/3/18/21184967/coronavirus-covid-19-scrubs-clip-infection-spreads

Death of George Floyd: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/31/us/george-floyd-investigation.html

“Visual Grammar: A Design Handbook” by Christian Leborg: https://www.amazon.com/Visual-Grammar-Design-Briefs-Christian/dp/1568985819

Social Semiotics: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_semiotics

Snapchat Logo: https://support.snapchat.com/en-US/a/ghost-logo-usage

Avenue3 Miami 1001 Stories: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yRtM2mTjoH8&feature=youtu.be

“The Good The Bad & The Ugly”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1PfrmCGFnk

Common Biases & Heuristics: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XHpBr0VFcaT8wIUpr-9zMIb79dFMgOVFRxIZRybiftI/edit?usp=sharing

Music vs. Words for Memory: https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2004-13047-013

Call and Response Songs: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Call_and_response_(music)

 

Musical Links

Tori Amos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9ipCKIxdHTs

 

Stephen Wendel, PhD is an applied behavioral scientist who studies how digital products can help people take action more effectively. He currently serves as Head of Behavioral Science at Morningstar, leading a team of behavioral scientists and practitioners who conduct original research on saving and investment behavior.

 

Steve has authored “Designing for Behavior Change,” “Improving Employee Benefits,” and “Spiritual Design.” He is also a co-founder of the non-profit Action Design Network that focuses on educating the public on how to apply behavioral research to product development with monthly events in fifteen cities.

 

In our conversation, we talked about epistemic humility, which is a cool concept that was new to both Kurt and Tim. We also discussed a few of our favorite topics including the role of behavioral science in the corporate world, the ethical application of behavioral science, and how important context is to … well, everything.

 

We hope you enjoy our conversation with Steve and encourage you to take a moment to leave a review or check out our Patreon page at www.patreon.com/behavioralgrooves.

 

© 2020 Behavioral Grooves

 

Links

Stephen Wendell, PhD: https://www.linkedin.com/in/sawendel/

BehavioralTechnology.co: https://www.behavioraltechnology.co/

Stephen Wendell, PhD, “Designing for Behavior Change”: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B089VDCG8C/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=sawendel-20&camp=1789&creative=9325&linkCode=as2&creativeASIN=B089VDCG8C&linkId=9eb146b1f7ac7c968bc2bc2c2bdeb6c1#ace-6308736939

Cass Sunstein: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cass_Sunstein

Wendy Wood, PhD: https://www.marshall.usc.edu/personnel/wendy-wood

Dan Ariely, “Honest Truth About Dishonesty”: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Honest_Truth_about_Dishonesty

Irish Bohnet, “What Works”: https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674089037

 

Musical Links

Shakira: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUT5rEU6pqM

Daddy Yankee: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sGIm0-dQd8M

Raggaeton: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJXkYF-Oscg

Christian Contemporary: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZjzLN8uYCig

Johnny Cash: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J5126CibNsk

Merle Haggard “She Still Thinks I Still Care”: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Dx3rS2N8yE

 

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